Why not & ldquo; rails s & rdquo; work from the application directory?


I'm in my app folder, but the command rails s is not working. I read through quite a few posts on Stack Overflow, and most of them seem to be from users who are not in their app directory.

In addition, I built a few other apps. I checked those, and the Rails server works for all of those apps. This is the only one where I can't get it to launch.

Output of which rails:


Output of rails s:

MacBook-Pro:first_app jmcrist$ rails s
  rails new APP_PATH [options]

  -r, [--ruby=PATH]              # Path to the Ruby binary of your choice
                                 # Default: /Users/jmcrist/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.0.0-p247/bin/ruby
  -b, [--builder=BUILDER]        # Path to a application builder (can be a filesystem path or URL)
  -m, [--template=TEMPLATE]      # Path to an application template (can be a filesystem path or URL)
      [--skip-gemfile]           # Don't create a Gemfile
      [--skip-bundle]            # Don't run bundle install
  -G, [--skip-git]               # Skip Git ignores and keeps
  -O, [--skip-active-record]     # Skip Active Record files
  -S, [--skip-sprockets]         # Skip Sprockets files
  -d, [--database=DATABASE]      # Preconfigure for selected database (options: mysql/oracle/postgresql/sqlite3/frontbase/ibm_db/sqlserver/jdbcmysql/jdbcsqlite3/jdbcpostgresql/jdbc)
                                 # Default: sqlite3
  -j, [--javascript=JAVASCRIPT]  # Preconfigure for selected JavaScript library
                                 # Default: jquery
  -J, [--skip-javascript]        # Skip JavaScript files
      [--dev]                    # Setup the application with Gemfile pointing to your Rails checkout
      [--edge]                   # Setup the application with Gemfile pointing to Rails repository
  -T, [--skip-test-unit]         # Skip Test::Unit files
      [--old-style-hash]         # Force using old style hash (:foo => 'bar') on Ruby >= 1.9

Runtime options:
  -f, [--force]    # Overwrite files that already exist
  -p, [--pretend]  # Run but do not make any changes
  -q, [--quiet]    # Suppress status output
  -s, [--skip]     # Skip files that already exist

Rails options:
  -h, [--help]     # Show this help message and quit
  -v, [--version]  # Show Rails version number and quit

    The 'rails new' command creates a new Rails application with a default
    directory structure and configuration at the path you specify.

    You can specify extra command-line arguments to be used every time
    'rails new' runs in the .railsrc configuration file in your home directory.

    Note that the arguments specified in the .railsrc file don't affect the
    defaults values shown above in this help message.

    rails new ~/Code/Ruby/weblog

    This generates a skeletal Rails installation in ~/Code/Ruby/weblog.
    See the README in the newly created application to get going.

I'm working through Hartl's Rails Tutorial, and he makes quite a few modifications to the gemfile. I am wondering if this might be the cause?

source 'https://rubygems.org'

gem 'rails', '3.2.13'

group :development do
  gem 'sqlite3', '1.3.5'

# Gems used only for assets and not required
# in production environments by default.
group :assets do
  gem 'sass-rails',   '3.2.5'
  gem 'coffee-rails', '3.2.2'

  gem 'uglifier', '1.2.3'

gem 'jquery-rails', '2.0.2'

group :production do
  gem 'pg', '0.12.2'

It seems to think you are not in a rails directory (your output is saying the only valid way to use rails is with rails new).

Depending on your version, Rails identifies this differently. On 3.2, it checks for a file at script/rails. Now that 4.0 has been released, it looks for either script/rails or bin/rails (https://github.com/rails/rails/blob/207fa5c11ddf1cfd696f0eeb07d6466aae9d451e/railties/lib/rails/app_rails_loader.rb#L6)

Presumably you can get around this by creating the file rails in your script directory (if you do not have a script directory, create one in the root of your app):

#!/usr/bin/env ruby
# This command will automatically be run when you run "rails" with Rails 3 gems installed from the root of your application.

APP_PATH = File.expand_path('../../config/application',  __FILE__)
require File.expand_path('../../config/boot',  __FILE__)
require 'rails/commands'

Of course, it's worth wondering why you don't have this file in the first place. Might be worth making sure your rails is the version you want to be using first (rails -v if the version is newer, this post will show you how to create the new app using the older version).