Why does the "continue" statement ignore the increment of the loop counter in the 'while' loop, but not in 'for'?

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Why does it tend to get into an infinite loop if I use continue in a while loop, but works fine in a for loop?
The loop-counter increment i++ gets ignored in while loop if I use it after continue, but it works if it is in for loop.

If continue ignores subsequent statements, then why doesn't it ignore the third statement of the for loop then, which contains the counter increment i++? Isn't the third statement of for loop subsequent to continue as well and should be ignored, given the third statement of for loop is executed after the loop body?

while(i<10)   //causes infinite loop
{
    ...
    continue
    i++
    ...
}

for(i=0;i<10;i++)  //works fine and exits after 10 iterations
{
    ...
    continue
    ...
}


Because continue goes back to the start of the loop. With for, the post-operation i++ is an integral part of the loop control and is executed before the loop body restarts.

With the while, the i++ is just another statement in the body of the loop (no different to something like a = b), skipped if you continue before you reach it.