Why can not you use the initialization of the short field fields in Java constructors?


Take the following example:

private int[] list;

public Listing() {
    // Why can't I do this?
    list = {4, 5, 6, 7, 8};

    // I have to do this:
    int[] contents = {4, 5, 6, 7, 8};
    list = contents;

Why can't I use shorthand initialization? The only way I can think of getting around this is making another array and setting list to that array.

When you define the array on the definition line, it assumes it know what the type will be so the new int[] is redundant. However when you use assignment it doesn't assume it know the type of the array so you have specify it.

Certainly other languages don't have a problem with this, but in Java the difference is whether you are defining and initialising the fields/variable on the same line.