Why can not I enter a string in Scanner (System.in) when calling the nextLine () method?

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How does this program actually work...?

import java.util.Scanner;

class string
{
    public static void main(String a[]){
        int a;
        String s;
        Scanner scan = new Scanner(System.in);

        System.out.println("enter a no");
        a = scan.nextInt();
        System.out.println("no is ="+a);

        System.out.println("enter a string");
        s = scan.nextLine();
        System.out.println("string is="+s);
    }
}

The output is:

enter the no
1234
no is 1234
enter a string
string is=         //why is it not allowing me to enter a string here?


.nextInt() gets the next int, but doesn't read the new line character. This means that when you ask it to read the "next line", you read til the end of the new line character from the first time.

You can insert another .nextLine() after you get the int to fix this. Or (I prefer this way), read the int in as a string, and parse it to an int.