What is the Fetch API equivalent of XMLHttpRequest.send (file)?


I am trying to refactor a client to an old backend from XMLHttpRequest to use the Fetch API instead, and I am having a hard time figuring out what the Fetch API equivalent of xhr.send(file) is in the code below.

input.addEventListener('change', function(event) {
  var file = event.target.files[0];
  var url = 'https://somedomain.com/someendpoint';
  var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
  xhr.open('POST', url, true);
  xhr.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'image/jpeg');

fetch can take a second argument, init, which specifies advanced options of the request. In particular, you can specify the method and the body options:

fetch(url, {
  method: 'POST',
  headers: new Headers({
    "Content-Type": "image/jpeg",
  body: file,

You can also pass the same options to the Request constructor.

body must a Blob, BufferSource, FormData, URLSearchParams, or USVString object. Fortunately, File objects are just a special kind of Blobs, and can be used everywhere where Blobs are accepted.