What is the difference between: while and: when in clojure?

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I'm studying clojure but not quite clear on the difference between the :while and :when test:

=> (for [x [1 2 3] y [1 2 3] :while (= (mod x y) 0)] [x y])
([1 1] [2 1] [2 2] [3 1])
=> (for [x [1 2 3] y [1 2 3] :when (= (mod x y) 0)] [x y])
([1 1] [2 1] [2 2] [3 1] [3 3])

Can anybody help by elaborating on them ?


:when iterates over the bindings, but only evaluates the body of the loop when the condition is true. :while iterates over the bindings and evaluates the body until the condition is false:

(for [x (range 20) :when (not= x 10)] x)
; =>(0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19)

(for [x (range 20) :while (not= x 10)] x)
; => (0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9)