Tango Project: Conversion between Coordinate Systems and Clouds of Melting Points


I am trying to convert point clouds sampled and stored in XYZij data (which, according to the document, stores data in camera space) into a world coordinate system so that they can be merged. The frame pair I use for the Tango listener has COORDINATE_FRAME_START_OF_SERVICE as the base frame and COORDINATE_FRAME_DEVICE as the target frame.

This is the way I implement the transformation:

  1. Retrieve the rotation quaternion from TangoPoseData.getRotationAsFloats() as q_r, and the point position from XYZij as p.

  2. Apply the following rotation, where q_mult is a helper method computing the Hamilton product of two quaternions (I have verified this method against another math library):

    p_transformed = q_mult(q_mult(q_r, p), q_r_conjugated);

  3. Add the translate retrieved from TangoPoseData.getTranslationAsFloats() to p_transformed.

But eventually, points at p_transformed always seem to end up in clutter of partly overlapped point clouds instead of an aligned, merged point cloud.

Am I missing anything here? Is there a conceptual mistake in the transformation?

Thanks in advance.

Ken & Vincenzo, thanks for the reply.

I somehow get better results by performing ICP registration using CloudCompare on individual point clouds after they are transformed into world coordinates using pose data alone. Below is a sample result from ~30 scans of a computer desk. Points on the farther end are still a bit off, but with carefully tuned parameters this might be improved. Also CloudCompare's command line interface makes it suitable for batch processing.

Besides the inevitable integration error that needs to be corrected, a mistake I made earlier was wrongly taking the camera space frame (the camera on the device), which is described here in the documentation, to be the same as the OpenGL camera frame, which is the same as the device frame as described here. But they are not.

Also, moving the camera slowly to get more overlap between two adjacent frames also helps registration. And a good visible lighting setup of the scene is important, since besides the motion sensors, Tango also relies on the fish eye camera on its back for motion tracking.

Hope the tips also work for more general cases other than mine.