Matlab range in Python


I must translate some Matlab code into Python 3 and I often come across ranges of the form start:step:stop. When these arguments are all integers, I easily translate this command with np.arange(), but when some of the arguments are floats, especially the step parameter, I don't get the same output in Python. For example,

7:8 %In Matlab
7 8

If I want to translate it in Python I simply use :

array([7, 8])

But if I have, let's say :

7:0.3:8 %In Matlab
7.0000    7.3000    7.6000    7.9000

I can't translate it using the same logic :

np.arange(7, 8+0.3, 0.3)
array([ 7. ,  7.3,  7.6,  7.9,  8.2])

In this case, I must not add the step to the stop argument.

But then, if I have :

7:0.2:8 %In Matlab
7.0000    7.2000    7.4000    7.6000    7.8000    8.0000

I can use my first idea :

array([ 7. ,  7.2,  7.4,  7.6,  7.8,  8. ])

My problem comes from the fact that I am not translating hardcoded lines like these. In fact, each parameters of these ranges can change depending on the inputs of the function I am working on. Thus, I can sometimes have 0.2 or 0.3 as the step parameter. So basically, do you guys know if there is another numpy/scipy or whatever function that really acts like Matlab range, or if I must add a little bit of code by myself to make sure that my Python range ends up at the same number as Matlab's?


You don't actually need to add your entire step size to the max limit of np.arange but just a very tiny number to make sure that that max is enclose. For example the machine epsilon:

eps = np.finfo(np.float32).eps

adding eps will give you the same result as MATLAB does in all three of your scenarios:

In [13]: np.arange(7, 8+eps)
Out[13]: array([ 7.,  8.])

In [14]: np.arange(7, 8+eps, 0.3)
Out[14]: array([ 7. ,  7.3,  7.6,  7.9])

In [15]: np.arange(7, 8+eps, 0.2)
Out[15]: array([ 7. ,  7.2,  7.4,  7.6,  7.8,  8. ])