javascript variable scope: return variables from nested functions?


I looked at this: Returning values from nested functions in Javascript

but it did not really help me (or I am just too dumb to get it).

My variable scope is somehow off and I don't understand why. My alert() does not behave as expected. Tried to add comments on all lines to explain what I'm thinking.

Thanks very much for any comments/pointers/answers!

var g = {}; / is a large object with all kinds of other stuff and functions in it

g.ding = function(){ // my problem function
 var baby = 'young'; // i thought I set a local var here
    if(someVar==true) { // standard issue if statement
        someAPI.class( // using an API that uses a function as its attribute
            function(stuff){ // my anonymous function
                baby = 'old'; // setting the var to something
    return baby; // returning the var

alert( g.ding() ); // i expect it to say "old" but it keeps saying "young". why?

NEW EDIT: Juan's accepted answer is great, but isn't there also a way to use setTimeout() to deal with asynchronous function calls and essentially making them synchronous? if anyone who reads this knows the answer I'd love to know. Thanks.

The call to someAPI.class(function(){}) is probably asynchronous, that means the function you pass into it may not have been called when someAPI.class() returns and the variable hasn't been changed.

The solution is to pass the variable back in a callback

g.ding = function(callback){
    var baby = 'young';
    if(someVar) {
            // There's no guarantee of when this function is called
                baby = 'old';
                // Call the callback, it's like a return, for async functions
    // the inner function probably wasn't called yet,
    // doesn't make sense to return this here
    // return baby;

// Then you'd call it like this, as soon as you use an async function
// all the functions that call it have to use callbacks for return values