how to use the shell variable in the expected session?

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I try so send some files toward multiple servers using scp in bash script. But I encountering problem.

here is the shell script I wrote.

#!/bin/sh

IP_LIST=('127.0.0.x' '127.0.0.y' '127.0.0.z')

for ip_addr in "${IP_LIST[@]}"
do
        echo "$ip_addr"
expect << 'EOS'
        set timeout 10
        spawn scp -p /home/foo/bar/baz.txt [email protected]"$ip_addr":/home/destdir
        expect "*password*"
        send "pasword\r"
        expect eos
        exit 0
EOS
done

I assume each element in ip_addr is assigned to the variable ip_addr, but in expect session, element in the list doesn't assigned.

When I execute this script, such error message appear.

can't read "ip_addr": no such variable
    while executing
"spawn scp -p /home/foo/bar/baz.txt [email protected]"$ip_addr":/home/destdir"

It works when use echo command(displays each element in IP_LIST).

anybody know some good idea?


For shell's << STRING syntax, if STRING is quoted then it'll not expand variables so your $ip_addr is still $ip_addr to the Expect script but it's not defined in Expect. You can pass the ip_addr from shell to Expect with the env var. E.g.:

#!/bin/sh

IP_LIST=('127.0.0.x' '127.0.0.y' '127.0.0.z')

for ip_addr in "${IP_LIST[@]}"
do
    echo "$ip_addr"
    ip_addr=$ip_addr expect << 'EOS'
      set timeout 10
      spawn scp -p /home/foo/bar/baz.txt [email protected]$::env(ip_addr):/home/destdir
      expect "*password*"
      send "pasword\r"
      expect eos; # do you mean `eof'?
      exit 0
EOS
done