How to dynamically change the headers of multiple columns of data using ajax and jquery without updating the web page?

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I am trying to change the column number and header according to the return value of ajax, while the table data is updated using DataTables jquery plugin. Javascript and jQuery Code below:

$( document ).ready(function() {

   $.ajax({
            type:'POST',
            url: 'readtitle.php', //this php contains the column header
            success:function(re){
            setTitle(re); // this function is used to set column header
            }

    });

   var oTable = $('#table_id').dataTable({
     "bPaginate": false,
     "bProcessing": true,
     "bLengthChange": true,
     "bFilter": true,
  "bRetrieve": true,
     "bInfo": false,
     "bAutoWidth": false,
     "bServerSide": true,
     "sDom": '<"top"iflp<"clear">>rt<"bottom"iflp<"clear">>',
     "aLengthMenu": [[10, 25, 50, -1], [10, 25, 50, "All"]],
     "sAjaxSource": './aadata.txt',
     "aoColumnDefs": [
        {"aTargets":[]}
     ]

   });
 }

function setTitle(re){
  re = re.substring(0,re.length-1);
  var retitle = re.split(",");  // this retitle can be of length 3 to 6, depends on the data

        $(retitle).each(function(index, element){
           $('#titleh').html(element);
        });
}

Below is my HTML-table:

<table id="table_id" class="display">
<thead>
    <tr id="titler"><th>Date</th><th>Actual</th>
   <th id="titleh"></th>
    </tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
    <tr>
        <td>Row 1 Data 1</td>
        <td>Row 1 Data 2</td>
    </tr>

</tbody>
</table>

Because in the HTML, I set 3 header. If the return header is of length 3, it works fine. However, if the length changes, the function (possibly wrong):

 $(retitle).each(function(index, element){
           $('#titleh').html(element);
        });

only returns the last element, which makes the table column number fixed to 3. I don't know how to increase the column header using a loop in jQuery.

I haven been stuck for two days. Can anyone please help me?

Many thanks!!!

Katie


I solved the question by changing the way of initialising table in HTML instead of altering the settings in Datatables.

What I did is: first, remove the existing table, as well as the table wrapper!

 $('#table_id').remove();
 $('#table_id_wrapper').remove();

Then initialise a new table. and set the format of header/body according to your data:

 var content = "<table id='table_id' class='display datatable' style='width:100%;'><thead>";
 content +='<tr>';

 re = re.substring(0,re.length-1);
 // alert(re);
 var retitle = re.split(",");
    alert (retitle + 'x');
   var c = retitle.length;
   var atarget = [];
   var stitle = [];
   for(var i=0; i<c; i++){
     atarget[i] = i;
     stitle[i] = retitle[i];
     content += '<td>' +retitle[i]  + '</td>';

   }

  content +=' </tr></thead>';
  content +='<tbody></tbody>'
  content += "</table>";

Then, append your table to your webpage. Here I attached it to my tab:

  $('#tab3').append(content);

Finally, I initialised the Datatable settings by changing the aoColumnDef according to my own data. Noted that the data format must match the way you previously define your HTML table

   var settings = {

     "bPaginate": false,
     "bProcessing": true,
    "bLengthChange": true,
    "bFilter": false,
    "bInfo": false,
    "bAutoWidth":false,
    "bServerSide": true,
    //  "sDom": '<"top"iflp<"clear">>rt<"bottom"iflp<"clear">>',
     "aLengthMenu": [[10, 25, 50, -1], [10, 25, 50, "All"]],
     "sAjaxSource": './aadata.txt',
   "aoColumnDefs": [
     { "aTargets":atarget}
     ]
   };

 $('#table_id').dataTable().fnDestroy();
 $('#table_id').dataTable(settings);
 $('#table_id').dataTable().fnReloadAjax();

By the way, thank you @CodingAnt, @JerryDDG all the same for your help.

A related question about changing the Datatable title is solved here:

What is the right format to change Datatables column using array?