GRAILS: how to get the number of users currently logged in via the Spring Basic Security Plugin?

my problem is, that i want to limit the number of users that can simultaneously be logged in my application (this value is stored in the database). first i tried to do that with some configuration in tomcat or other web containers - but there´s the problem, that a session is used also if a user is not logged in (displaying the login page also needs a session in tomcat)... so i need to check how many users are "really" logged in. i´ve found quite a lot code examples for the acegi plugin, but nothing really helpful about the springsecurity core plugin.

my snippets so far:

in resources.groovy i´ve defined my beans:

beans = {

    concurrentSessionController( {
        sessionRegistry = ref('sessionRegistry')
        maximumSessions = -1

in BootStrap.groovy the begging of the init is :

class BootStrap {

    def springSecurityService

    def authenticationManager
    def concurrentSessionController
    def securityContextPersistenceFilter

    def init = { servletContext ->
        authenticationManager.sessionController = concurrentSessionController

and in Config.groovy i´ve added :

grails.plugins.springsecurity.providerNames = ['concurrentSessionController', 'daoAuthenticationProvider', 'anonymousAuthenticationProvider', 'rememberMeAuthenticationProvider']

but then as soon as the application starts (grails run-app), it crashes, when it tries to configure the SpringSecury :

Running Grails application..

Configuring Spring Security ...
Application context shutting down...
Application context shutdown.
[email protected]:~/develop/testproject$

i have configured logging for my application - the content / the last entry in my logfile is:

2011-07-11 11:19:43,071 [main] ERROR context.GrailsContextLoader  - Error executing bootstraps: No bean named 'concurrentSessionController' is defined
org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No bean named 'concurrentSessionController' is defined
        at SpringSecurityCoreGrailsPlugin$_createBeanList_closure22.doCall(SpringSecurityCoreGrailsPlugin.groovy:648)
        at SpringSecurityCoreGrailsPlugin.createBeanList(SpringSecurityCoreGrailsPlugin.groovy:648)
        at SpringSecurityCoreGrailsPlugin.this$2$createBeanList(SpringSecurityCoreGrailsPlugin.groovy)
        at SpringSecurityCoreGrailsPlugin$_closure4.doCall(SpringSecurityCoreGrailsPlugin.groovy:581)
        at org.grails.tomcat.TomcatServer.start(TomcatServer.groovy:212)
            at grails.web.container.EmbeddableServer$ Source)
        at _GrailsRun_groovy$_run_closure5_closure12.doCall(_GrailsRun_groovy:158)
        at _GrailsRun_groovy$_run_closure5_closure12.doCall(_GrailsRun_groovy)
        at _GrailsSettings_groovy$_run_closure10.doCall(_GrailsSettings_groovy:280)
        at _GrailsSettings_groovy$
        at _GrailsRun_groovy$_run_closure5.doCall(_GrailsRun_groovy:149)
        at _GrailsRun_groovy$
        at _GrailsRun_groovy.runInline(_GrailsRun_groovy:116)
        at _GrailsRun_groovy.this$4$runInline(_GrailsRun_groovy)
        at _GrailsRun_groovy$_run_closure1.doCall(_GrailsRun_groovy:59)
        at RunApp$_run_closure1.doCall(RunApp.groovy:33)
        at gant.Gant$_dispatch_closure5.doCall(Gant.groovy:381)
        at gant.Gant$_dispatch_closure7.doCall(Gant.groovy:415)
        at gant.Gant$_dispatch_closure7.doCall(Gant.groovy)
        at gant.Gant.withBuildListeners(Gant.groovy:427)
        at gant.Gant.this$2$withBuildListeners(Gant.groovy)
        at gant.Gant$this$2$withBuildListeners.callCurrent(Unknown Source)
        at gant.Gant.dispatch(Gant.groovy:415)
        at gant.Gant.this$2$dispatch(Gant.groovy)
        at gant.Gant.invokeMethod(Gant.groovy)
        at gant.Gant.executeTargets(Gant.groovy:590)
        at gant.Gant.executeTargets(Gant.groovy:589)

maybe someone can point me to some docs, examples or can directly tell me, how to get the number of currently signed in users.

greeting from nuremberg, germany


Thanks for your answer! Now i got it...

The steps i took are:

Defining the beans:


beans = { 


        sessionAuthenticationStrategy(ConcurrentSessionControlStrategy, sessionRegistry) {
                maximumSessions = -1

                sessionRegistry = sessionRegistry
                expiredUrl = '/login/concurrentSession'

then in my controller i injected:

class SystemController {    

    def sessionRegistry

and the check, how many sessions are currently in use:

    def sessioncount = {
        def cnt = 0

            cnt += sessionRegistry.getAllSessions(it, false).size()

        render cnt

additional steps that must be made:

  1. install templates from grails (grails install-templates)
  2. add listener to web.xml:


and now it works!

great! :)

(now the next steps are - defining an eventlistener (when the user logs in) check the number of licenses(sessions) and permit or deny access to him. but i think that´s not that tricky... we´ll see...)