I often switch back and forth between branches. I have a script which pushes the contents of the checkout to a 'running' environment where I can see the code run and test it (it's a web app). This push script uses rsync at its heart and it uses timestamps to detect what files should really be transferred. Because git-checkout seems to set the timestamps on the files to the current time, rsync reports all files are being pushed up, only because timestamps will be updated.
How can I have git-checkout retain timestamps when switching between branches so that rsync will report only content changes?
I do not want to use rsync's checksum argument as it is very slow.
The reason that
git checkout updates timestamps is that almost all build systems for source code depend on timestamps to determine if targets need to be re-built. If
git checkout did not update timestamps on files when they are updated, these build systems would not correctly do an incremental build. In fact,
git checkout should only update timestamps on files that have changed.
rsync should be efficient in updating time stamps, and not transfer any data if only metadata has changed. You can verify this with the "speedup". You can also ask recent versions of
rsync to itemize changes with the
-i flag. You can tell
rsync not to use timestamps (and only use checksums) by leaving out
-t but that's not recommended by the
rsync(1) man page.