Explanation of the value of 'this' in Javascript


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  • How does the “this” keyword work? 18 answers

I have this class in Javascript:

return function (settings) {
    var items = [],
        formHelper = new FormHelper(items),
        that = this;


    this.initialize = function () {
        settings.listFn().then(function (response) {
            angular.copy(response, items);

            if (response.length > 0) {

In the initialize method, I use a promise. When this promised is finished, the anonymous function is executed. Within the function you see the use of that, which is declared at line 4. When I use the this keyword instead of that, this points to window, while that points to the object.

I am wondering why this is. Could someone explain how this works? Why it behaves like this?

The value of this is determined by how the function is called, not by how or where it is defined.

Since you are passing the function to some third party code (.then), you have to be aware that it is not you who calls the function, but the third party code, and you won't have any control over how the function is called.
At some point the callback will most likely be called in the way that most functions are called, simply as


In that case, this refers to the global object which happens to be window in browsers (this is undefined if the function is in strict mode).

More information on MDN.