In my Python script, I need to create a new file in a sub directory without changing directories, and I need to continually edit that file from the current directory.
os.mkdir(datetime+"-dst") for ip in open("list.txt"): with open(ip.strip()+".txt", "a") as ip_file: #this file needs to be created in the new directory for line in open("data.txt"): new_line = line.split(" ") if "blocked" in new_line: if "src="+ip.strip() in new_line: #write columns to new text file ip_file.write(", " + new_line) ip_file.write(", " + new_line) try: ip_file.write(", " + new_line + "\n") except IndexError: pass
The path for the directory and file will not always be the same, depending on what server I run the script from. Part of the directory name will be the datetime of when it was created ie
time.strftime("%y%m%d%H%M%S") + "word" and I'm not sure how to call that directory if the time is constantly changing. I thought I could use
shutil.move() to move the file after it was created, but the datetime stamp seems to pose a problem.
I'm a beginner programmer and I honestly have no idea how to approach these problems. I was thinking of assigning variables to the directory and file, but the datetime is tripping me up.
Question: How do you create a file within a sub directory if the names/paths of the file and sub directory aren't always the same?
Store the created directory in a variable.
os.mkdir throws if a directory exists by that name. Use
os.path.join to join path components together (it knows about whether to use
import os.path subdirectory = datetime + "-dst" try: os.mkdir(subdirectory) except Exception: pass for ip in open("list.txt"): with open(os.path.join(subdirectory, ip.strip() + ".txt"), "a") as ip_file: ...